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Teeming with Life 
Biodiversity

Melting ice threatens over 21,000 Arctic species, from polar bears to plankton, narwhals, walrus, reindeer, ivory gull, and niche flora.

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Arctic cod, an abundant indicator species, are an Arctic endemic, ice-dependent species.

  • They are one of the few species that link the lower food chain to the higher trophic levels.

  • They are a planetary food source and they rely on under-ice algae. They lay their eggs under the sea ice

  •  Their population is expected to substantially decline.

Rising water temperatures invite southern species to migrate to the Arctic, increasing competition in a shrinking habitat.

Food chains are being disrupted.

  • Warming land and ocean temperatures, along with changes in oceanic and atmospheric currents alter nutrient flow distributions

Seventeen species of whales use the Arctic Ocean. Many migrate to cooler waters for food and birth.

  • As ice melts faster, grey whales are arriving too late to forage from springtime phytoplankton blooms, threatening their survival while greatly diminishing the distribution of nutrients to other marine species.

Polar bears and reindeer have been observed eating kelp as food availability becomes more difficult to come by.